Choosing the right foundation for your complexion is not easy. But knowing the meaning of tone, undertone and overtone can help you. Here's how...
Tone, undertone and overtone... How many delineations does skin colour have? Everyone's complexion is very complex: the overlapping of these three colour layers gives us our natural complexion. This is why finding theperfect foundation can be a challenge.
The meaning of warm, cold, fair or dark seems to be a secret reserved only for make-up professionals. But we will show you that this is not the case and that knowing them can help you choose the right foundation colour for a flawless face make-up base.
What is undertone and how to find out?
The undertone corresponds to the predominant shade of our skin and can also be referred to as 'temperature'.
There are three basic undertones: warm (warm) , neutral (neutral) and cold (cold).
- Warm: indicates all skins with golden complexion, such as Mediterranean beauties.
- Neutral: includes all colours in between warm and cool.
- Cold: corresponds to pinkish skin, typical of Nordic countries.
To understand our complexion you don't need to be a make-up expert.
For example, taking the colour of your veins as a reference is one of the most effective and valid methods of recognition. Just look at the inside of your forearm: if the veins appear blue then your temperature is cold and your complexion is pink. If they are green, warm is your undertone, and if you can recognise yourself in both, you are most likely a neutral.
Melanin, carotene and haemoglobin are the main genetic factors affecting skin temperature.Warm complexions usually tend towards orange and cold complexions towards pink.
After defining the undertone, it is essential to recognise your skin tone.
What is tone?
The tone or tone of theface is the height of the colour: fair, medium and dark are the macrocategories that group together a wide range of skin colours.
- FAIR represents the clearand very clear complexions.
- MEDIUM includes all mediums:olive , dark and tanned complexions - such as Tan colour.
- DARK starts with dark complexions up to very dark complexions, including very tanned skin.
Finding your tone and undertone is crucial, but it is not enough to be sure of theright foundation colour. The final word is overtone.
What is overtone?
The overtone of the skin is given by the colouring of the superficial layer of the epidermis, which is immediately visible to the naked eye.
It can be considered a mix of tone, undertone and our skin's reactions to external factors, which make it moreyellowish or pinkish .
The latter, although little considered, is essential for creating aperfect make-up base.
Finding the right foundation
How many times have you bought thewrong foundation? You have tried it on your forearm, on your inner wrist... and yet on your face it was impossible to apply even simple make-up!
This is because in order to find theright shade for your skin tone, you need to take the gap between your neck and chin as a reference.
How? First of all, take into account the instructions on how to find your tone and undertone and exclude foundations that are too dark or too light for your complexion. Take a small amount of the ones that might suit you and pat it on, blending it evenly, in the area between your neck and face.
If it is imperceptible to the eye, then it is your perfect foundation!
The importance of primer in makeup
A good foundation is the basis for flawless face make-up.
Whether you want to create aquick and easy make-up , a full base or an elaborate contouring, foundation will be your most faithful ally!
Depending on the texture, the formulaand the coverage it is able to smooth out imperfections, improve and illuminate the skin. Giving firmness, softness and avelvety skin effect all day long.
That's why it's important to choose it carefully, not only according to your tone, undertone and overtone but also according to your skin type: combination, oily or dry!